Born in Lahore, Pakistan, he has lived in Canada and United States since 1979. He has held academic and research positions at University of Saskatchewan (1979-1984), University of Wisconsin-Madison (1984-85), and McGill University (1986). During 1990-1999, he pursued his research and study on various aspects of Islam and its spiritual and intellectual traditions. He lived and worked in Pakistan, first as Director, Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) Committee on Scientific and Technological Cooperation (COMSTECH) (1991-96) and then as Director, Pakistan Academy of Sciences (1998-99).

During 1999-2001, Dr. Iqbal was Program Director (for the Muslim World) for the Science-Religion Course Program of the Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences (CTNS), Berkeley, USA.

Dr. Iqbal has written, translated, and edited twenty-one books and published nearly one hundred papers on various aspects of Islam, its spiritual and intellectual traditions and on the relationship between Islam and science, Islam and the West, the contemporary situation of Muslims, and the history of Islamic science. He co-translated volume VII of Tafhim al-Qur’an, an influential twentieth century tafsir (Islamic Foundation, 2001). He contributed, as consultant, to Concentric Circles—Nurturing Awe and Wonder in Early Childhood and is one of the founders of Muslim Education Foundation (Canada), a not-for-profit organization dedicated to providing resources and services to educators, students and parents for a process of learning built on the Qur’anic worldview.

He is also the Series Editor for Ashgate’s Islam and Science: Historic and Contemporary Perspectives (2012), a four volume work that brings together the most important and influential articles dealing with various aspects of the relationship between Islam and science.